Health and Nutrition
Health issues are of critical concern determining the overall development of Scheduled Tribe population. The health indicators for STs are generally poorer than those for the general population. According to the latest estimates of NFHS-3, ST population in general and ST women & children, fared worst in all parameters of health and nourishment such as infant mortality rate, child mortality rate, poor maternal health, child sex ratio, malnutrition, high prevalence of anaemia, malaria, etc. The adverse scores for these health parameters have a serious demographic and socio-economic consequence that needs immediate attention.
Thee under-five mortality rate and the child Mortality rate are much higher for STs than any other social group/ castes at all childhood ages i.e. 95.7 and 35.8 respectively. However, STs have a lower infant mortality rate (62.1) than SCs (66.4).
Prevalence of Anemia
According to NFHS-3, 55% of women were anaemic. Thirty-nine percent of women are mildly anaemic, 16 percent are moderately anaemic, and 2 percent are severely anaemic. The data shows that 68.5% of tribal women are suffering from any type of anaemia. In comparison to the ‘Other’ category, there is a sharp difference of 1% in severe form of anaemia. Similarly, 7.8 percent and 8.4 percent of differences have been found in Mild and Moderate type of anaemia in the Tribal Women in comparison to the ‘Other’ category respectively. The difference is highest among any other social groups, making them most vulnerable to the risks. The comparison is shown in Figure 2.
NACDAOR in partnership with GAIN initiated National Campaign on Nutrition for Dignity (NCND) in 10 different states of India. The objective is to motivate and capacitate the grass root level community leadership of socially excluded Dalits and Adivasis on nutritional security, thus enabling them to change their behaviour, demand and access their entitlements and making duty bearers accountable.