Climate Change and Disaster Mitigation
There are visible changes that we can see in the Eco system which are more destructive than life saving due to the exploitation of earth in the name of modernization, industrialization, economic development and urbanization. In a developing country like India the worst victim of the climatic change are the Dalit and marginalized whose life has been already affected by the impact of Globalization, Privatization and liberalization. Climate change is impacting India’s economy, polity and society in deep and different ways. India’s economy is impacted because India is still an agriculture-based economy and primarily dependent on fossil fuel consumption. The impact of climate change on health will lower productivity and potential productivity of those who are under-or mal-nourished, primarily the poor Dalits, Adivasis minorities and women.
In this scenario, NACDOR envisions building capacities to respond to Disasters and undertake Disaster Risk Reduction & Climate Change programmes. NACDOR has adopted an environmental rights and climate change as one of the cross-cutting issues in its programme locations. It supports People Organisations and CBOs are trained in climate adaptation strategies and activities. Efforts are being made to develop community understanding of the issues of climate change, disaster mapping, and climate adaptation and creating trained human resource at the field level to promote environmental rights and prevent climate change. Community based initiatives are in place to inculcate change in attitude, behaviour and practices and regenerate natural resources and prevent environmental degradation. E.g. Rain water harvesting, use of organic manure and pesticides, agricultural diversification through use of dry land crops, pest resistant crops.
Disaster management programme of NACDOR involves rescue and emergency relief, assessment of damage and loss, and restoration and rehabilitation. In our field area we are trying to eliminate or diminish the hazards likely to be caused by a disaster or trying to make a community less vulnerable to disaster by developing community-driven early warning systems. NACDOR’s community-driven disaster risk management programme intends to build the resilience to natural and human-made disaster by mainstreaming risk reduction into community development. It also involves making aware of the benefits of adopting risk-sensitive development, which should mitigate the effects of natural disaster when they strike. In addition to this, it works to ensure vulnerable communities can cope during a natural disaster and recover quickly once it has passed by developing their capacities through community-based training and workshops.