Post - 2015 and SDGs
The rising inequalities and disparities universally led to the advent of a World initiative “Millennium Development goals”. It was an initiative to bridge the gap between the have and the have-nots of human society. In this context, in September 2000, eight Millennium development goals were adopted by 192 countries in the United Nations Summit. The countries committed themselves to work towards eliminating poverty and sustainable development for a better future. The quantifiable and time-bound goals were set to measure the well-being of people.
Water & Sanitation
Increasing Dalits Access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Services
Affirmative Action and Corporate Social Responsibility
The influence of the private sector companies over our economy has been tremendous, especially over the last two decades. Today the private sector plays a leading role in providing employment, investments and contributes majorly to the Indian gross domestic product (GDP). Reports suggest that more than 80% investments lie in the private sector and a major part of employment is covered by the private sector. The Affirmative Action (AA) Policy in the form of Reservations is limited to the Government sector, thereby leaving the vulnerable populations mostly exposed to low wages, poor labour rights and discrimination.
Disaster & Climate Change
There are visible changes that we can see in the Eco system which are more destructive than life saving due to the exploitation of earth in the name of modernization, industrialization, economic development and urbanization. In a developing country like India the worst victim of the climatic change are the Dalit and marginalized whose life has been already affected by the impact of Globalization, Privatization and liberalization. Climate change is impacting India’s economy, polity and society in deep and different ways. India’s economy is impacted because India is still an agriculture-based economy and primarily dependent on fossil fuel consumption.
Health and Nutrition
Health issues are of critical concern determining the overall development of Scheduled Tribe population. The health indicators for STs are generally poorer than those for the general population. According to the latest estimates of NFHS-3, ST population in general and ST women & children, fared worst in all parameters of health and nourishment such as infant mortality rate, child mortality rate, poor maternal health, child sex ratio, malnutrition, the high prevalence of anaemia, malaria, etc. The adverse scores for these health parameters have a serious demographic and socio-economic consequence that needs immediate attention.
Land and Natural Resources
The landholding patterns in India remain largely unequal and biased given the historicity of land distribution and its linkages to caste, tribe and gender. The social formation of India was primarily a caste-based feudal structure having regional variations like the Zamindar, Jagirdar, Mirasdar and Khots who controlled the land. Land relationships define the traditional system of social division of labour in India. In case of Dalits, there is a clear correlation between land holding and social and economic status.
Friends of Dalits
Education & Employability
The literacy rate of scheduled tribe in India is 58.96 percent as compared to the National average i.e. 72.99 percent. The Literacy Rate was 8.53 percent in 1961 which has been increased to 58.96 percent in 2011 for STs while the corresponding increase of the total population was from 28.30 percent in 1961 to 72.99 percent in 2011.
Research and Publications
The Research and Publications is the fundamental to further the interests of Dalits, Adivasis and Other Socially and Educationally Backward Classes, including the minorities. Accordingly, National Confederation of Dalit Adivasi Organisations undertakes number of researches and publishes its research for the public good.
Increasing Literacy Among Adults
Dalit/Scheduled Caste (SC) women, in India’s highly patriarchal and caste-based society, bear the triple burden of caste, class and gender. Being positioned at the lowest social order of Indian society, Scheduled Caste women suffer from many forms of discrimination, including lack of education, economic disadvantages, social dis-empowerment, domestic violence, political invisibility and sexual oppression. The stereotypic nature of Indian caste system declares Dalit women as intrinsically impure and untouchables, which sanctions social exclusion and exploitation.
Building Entrepreneurship in Youths
Young people are the future leaders of our world. The world is experiencing a rising youth population. United Nations defines youth between the age of 15-24 years. A latest UN Report stated that with 356 million 10-24 year- olds, India has the world’s largest youth population despite having a smaller population than China. According to the Census 2011, the youth population of India was 232 million nearly equal to the population of 18 western countries. There has been a corresponding increase in the youth population i.e. 73 million in 1961 to 232 million in 2011.
Give Children a Chance to Learn Computer
Every child should have the right to live, develop and grow in a safe and inviolable environment. Unfortunately, the lacunas of human society give birth to an unsafe and insecure atmosphere which severely affects the growth of the child. Issues such as inaccessibility to education, poverty, malnourishment, child labour and sexual harassment hinder the development of a large number of children across the globe.
Inclusion & Dignity
Every human being has the right to live a life of dignity and propriety, but unfortunately, human society doesn’t leave behind any opportunity to harm the dignity of their fellow mates. Caste, race, sex and disability are reasons due to which society practices discrimination. Inclusion and Dignity are fundamental to live a good quality life. It should not be about eradicating just economic poverty, but increasing life chances and prospects for a good quality of life. Income poverty can be eliminated with time, but to build a better society exclusion and indignity must be vanished. The social exclusion and indignity faced by individuals and communities of Dalits and Tribals harm their self-esteem and confidence. Therefore to foster their better growth it is necessary we build a society based on Dignity and Inclusion. A society which provides Dalits and Tribals opportunities to prosper and live dignified and respectable lives.